In this Section:
Many Hands of the State
Thursday, May 15 - Saturday, May 17
Regenstein Library, Room 122
1100 East 57th Street
Chicago, Illinois 60637
Hosted by University of Chicago Professors Elisabeth Clemens (Department of Sociology), Bernard Harcourt (Department of Political Science and Law School), James Sparrow (Department of History), and Stephan Sawyer (History Department, The American University of Paris; 2013-2014 Neubauer Collegium Visiting Fellow), Ann Orloff (Northwestern University, Sociology and Political Science) and Kimberly Morgan (George Washington University Political Science and International Affairs).
Many Hands of the State
The study of states over the past three or four decades calls forth a number of paradoxes. First, the drive to focus analyses on the state as an analytic category developed most powerfully within US academia, despite the widespread sense of many, correctly or not, that the US lacked a powerful state, at least with respect to its welfare functions, and has a governing apparatus that operates in fundamentally different ways than what the literature on states – above all in in Europe -- suggested. Thinking about the contrasts between the US and other states have helped scholars to develop a vibrant field of American Political Development while unsettling early conceptualizations of states. A second paradox is that intensifying interest in studying states has run parallel to the intensifying forces of globalization. The more states seem to be challenged, undermined or entangled by global economic, social, cultural, and political forces, the more it seems that scholars reach for the term “state” in their analyses, even as they increasingly theorize states within the frameworks of empire and global relationships. The third paradox lies in the fact that, after a period of intense intellectual debate about the state, its autonomy (or lack thereof), and capabilities, theoretical analyses of the state waned at the same time that empirical studies of states increased and diversified. Yet, the term “state” is still pervasive in academic research and has generated enormously fruitful scholarly agendas.
Our collective project emerged, in many ways, out of these paradoxes. It is precisely the complex, puzzling, and multifaceted operation of political authority in the U.S. that has proven so fruitful for theoretical reflections upon the state, and inspired a number of scholars in our group. The drive to situate states in global contexts – economic and political interdependencies, imperial or neocolonial relationships, and transnational flows of ideas and cultural products – is another preoccupation of many, including those among us who thematize their concerns as those of “empires,” with metropolitan and (neo)colonial states embedded in a transnational field of power. And many of those we brought together have been engaged, for the most part independently of one another, in reflections upon larger theoretical questions about the meaning, contours, and reach of state power. With so much research veering off in so many different directions, we felt that the time was ripe to reconnect with one another on a higher, theoretical plane and reflect upon where we have been and where our research could go next. It was time for us to return to the collective project of theorizing states while retaining the historicized and contextualized treatments that have proliferated in the last few decades.
1:00pm-3:00pm Theorizing States
3:15pm-5:15pm Classifying and Punishing States: Race and Contemporary Trajectories of State Development
Friday, May 16
9:00am-12:00pm Bounding States: States, Civil Society and the Construction of Political Boundaries
2:00pm-5:00pm Developing the Sinews of Power
Saturday, May 17
10:00am-12:00pm States and the Transformation of Gender Relations
1:15pm-2:15pm Foucault and the State
2:30pm-5:30pm States and Empires: State Emergence, the Rule of Difference and the Postcolonial Situation
A conference of The State as History and Theory, a project of the Neubauer Collegium for Culture and Society. Cosponsored by the University of Chicago Department of History, Department of Political Science, and Department of Sociology.