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Research Project

Iraq’s Intelligentsia Under Siege: 1980–2012

2013 – 2014

Project Summary

A close look at the collapse of the intellectual class in Iraq since the outbreak of the Iran-Iraq war revealed the impact that decades of conflict have had on the nation’s scholarship and research.

Research Team

Tom Ginsburg

Tom Ginsburg

Leo Spitz Professor of International Law, Ludwig and Hilde Wolf Research Scholar, Professor of Political Science

University of Chicago

Tom Ginsburg focuses on comparative and international law from an interdisciplinary perspective. He holds BA, JD, and PhD degrees from the University of California at Berkeley. His latest book is Democracies and International Law (2021), and his prior books include How to Save a...

Saad N. Jawad

Saad N. Jawad

SeniorVisiting Fellow, London School of Economics and Political Science Middle East Centre; Former Professor of Political Science

Baghdad University


Faces of famous leaders on banknotes from around the world

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